What To Do When An Employee Goes Off With Stress Before A Disciplinary Hearing

Employees who are unwilling or unable to attend a disciplinary hearing are a common workplace occurrence. Neathouse Partners explain the best legal advice in this situation.


James Rowland

Commercial Director James leads Account Management, Sales and Marketing at Neathouse Partners.


27 August 2018


16 July 2024
1 min read
What To Do When An Employee Goes Off With Stress Before A Disciplinary Hearing

The employer must balance the need for the matter to be resolved quickly and fairly, against the need that the employee must be given a genuine opportunity to attend the hearing.

When the employee is unable to attend due to ill health, namely stress, it can make the situation slightly more complicated.

Employees generally believe if they are signed off sick, they can avoid disciplinary proceedings. However, this is not necessarily the case.


If the absence is short-term

If it looks like the absence will be short-term, then the best option to consider will be postponing the meeting until the employee can attend.


If the absence is long-term

If it appears that the absence may be long-term, it is best practice to consult with an Occupational Health Specialist.

You'll need to obtain a medical report; this will give you an expert opinion on whether the employee is fit to attend the meeting.

Questions you may want to ask Occupational Health may include:

  • Does the employee have the capacity to understand the allegation?
  • Are they well enough to respond to the allegation?
  • Is the employee capable of putting their explanation in writing?

You can offer alternatives to the employee, such as a telephone hearing, a hearing at a neutral place or allowing the employee to put their submissions in writing.

If the employee refuses to cooperate, or Occupational Health advises that the employee will not be able to attend, you can still have the hearing in the employee’s absence.

This is based on the fact that it is not appropriate to have this matter lingering when the employee should be focusing on their health.


Proceeding in the employee’s absence

If an employee continues to be unavailable to engage in the process in any way, then as an employer, you should determine whether or not you want to continue with the procedure in the employee’s absence.

Careful consideration must be given to:

  • The importance of having the matter resolved;
  • The impact on the employee in question;
  • The potential impact on the business with the employee’s continued absence.

Any employment tribunal, in the case of unfair dismissal, would require a detailed explanation as to why the hearing went ahead in the employee’s absence.

It would help if you only proceeded in their absence when there is clear evidence that the employee cannot reasonably attend.

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